What is cell structure

Cell structures and their functions Cell nucleus (including chromosomes)

Chapter 8 Ò Chromosomes and Gene Regulation

Chapter 8 Ò Chromosomes and gene regulation 8.1 Structure of eukaryotic chromosomes A human cell nucleus is only ten micrometers in size and (10-9) has two meters of DNA in it. So that there is no mess

More

Cell Biology Cell and Cell Organelles II

Cell biology Cell and cell organelles II Electron microscope image of a cell nucleus General overview of the cell nucleus (nucleus) The cell nucleus is the control and monitoring center of a

More

Appendix to Chapter 06.02: The Cell

Appendix to Chapter 06.02: The Cell Contents Appendix Chapter 06.02: The Cell ... 1 Contents ... 2 Cell organelles in EM: the cell membrane ... 3 Cell nucleus of a liver cell ... 4 Cell nucleus ... 4 Pores of the nuclear membrane .. .

More

1. Definition and Mechanisms

Summary 1. Definition and mechanisms Epigenetics (from the Greek epi- over) refers to hereditary changes in gene expression that are not caused by changes in the DNA sequence (mutations)

More

The central dogma of molecular biology:

The central dogma of molecular biology: DNA transcription RNA translation protein 1 Explanation of terms GENOME: Is the general term for all genes of an organism GEN: Is a

More

MOL.504 Analysis of DNA and Protein Sequences

MOL.504 Analysis of DNA and Protein Sequences Course 1 Monika Oberer, Karl Gruber MOL.504 Module Overview Introduction, Databases BLAST Search, Sequence Alignment Protein Structures Virtual Cloning Final Test

More

Introduction to nucleic acids

Introduction to nucleic acids Dr. Kristian M. Müller Institute for Biology III Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg Introduction 1st semester, winter semester 2007/2008 Historical overview Literature Pictures from: Pocket Atlas

More

4. Genetic mechanisms in bacteria

4. Genetic mechanisms in bacteria 4.1 Macromolecules and genetic information Structure of the DNA Phases of the information flow Comparison of the information transfer in prokaryotes and eukaryotes 4.2 Structure

More

Biochemistry tutorial 9. RNA, transcription

Biochemistry Tutorial 9 RNA, Transcription IMPP-Subject Catalog 3 Genetics 3.1 Nucleic acids 3.1.1 Molecular structure, conformations and functions of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA); Exon, intron 3.1.2

More

Contents 1 model organisms

Contents 1 Model organisms ....................................... 1 1.1 Escherichia coli .... ................................... 1 1.1.1 Historical .......... ............................ 3 1.1.2 Life cycle ................. ....................

More

05_10_Genes_info.jpg

Transfer of information from DNA to RNA - transcription from RNA to protein - translation Transfer of information from gene to protein 05_10_Genes_info.jpg 1 Figure 6-2 Molecular Biology of the

More

27 Functional genome analyzes Subject index

Table of contents 27 Functional genome analyzes ... 543 27.1 Introduction ... 543 27.2 RNA interference: sirna / shrna-screens 543 Gunter Meister 27.3 Knock-out technology: homologous recombination in the genome of the

More

Basics of molecular genetics

Mathematics and Natural Sciences Psychology Differential & Personality Psychology Fundamentals of Molecular Genetics Dresden, 11/11/2010 Charlotte Bauer Outline 1. Storage of genetic information

More

Unicellular organisms

The cell It is probably one of the strangest phenomena in the realm of organic nature that all living beings which we encounter in such a confusing variety are formed by modification

More

Illustrations for. virtual animal cell

Illustrations for the virtual animal cell Page Topic 2 The liver 2 Hepatocytes 4 Cell organelles of the hepatocytes 5 Our way in the cell: From inside to outside 6 Cell nucleus 10 Centrosome 11 ER 14 Golgi apparatus

More

Structure of the nerve cell. Central nervesystem

Structure of nerve cell 2 A: Cell body (Soma): Metabolic center B: Axon: Transmission of electrical signals C: Dendrite: Absorption of information D: Envelope cells: Isolation E: Cord: interruption

More

Chromosomes & Population Genetics (1)

Exercise Sheet Molecular Biology and Genetics for Students of Bioinformatics II 1 Name of the student: Date: 1 Karyograms Chromosomes & Population Genetics (1) Determine the karyotype of the following

More

Media booklet for the DVD MITOSE MEIOSE

Media booklet for DVD 12310 MITOSE MEIOSE Media booklet for DVD 23 minutes, production year 2008 Information for teachers Series: Modern Biology Series MEIOSE 15 minutes Publisher: BENCHMARK MEDIA

More

Q1 B1 week 49. Gene regulation

Q1 B1 KW 49 gene regulation transcription post-transcription elle modification gene regulation in eukaryotes transcription factors (on TATA box) or silencers (reduced transcription) and enhancers (increased

More

Biology exam SS 2011

Biology exam SS 2011 1) In which phase of meiosis is the human egg cell during ovulation? a. The meiosis is already complete b. Telophase 1 c. Metaphase 2 d. Metaphase 1 e. Prophase

More

Biology 11th grade 1. KA

Biology 11th grade 1. KA 1. Light microscope vs. electron microscope Light microscope (LM) Magnification Resolving power: 0.1 nm Larger wavelengths Movement recognizable Thin sections Light rays Lenses

More

Bioinformatics at the FH Bingen

Bioinformatics at the FH Bingen Prof. Dr. Antje Krause November 5th, 2010 How it all began ... 1955 first protein sequence (after 12 years of work) published (insulin from beef) Frederick Sanger MALWTRLRPLLALLALWPPPPA

More

Summary bio exam No. 1

Summary bio exam no. 1 1st cell a. Cell organelles: function and structure i. Cell nucleus (nucleus) ii. Ribosome DNA stored on chromosomes passing through pores in double membrane (protective function)

More

1. AMB / OBOE tutorial

1. Tutorial AMB / OBOE October 27, 2005 1. Part Botany 1) What is a cell? - Simplest viable accumulation of matter - Basic structural and functional unit - Cells live in a compound / association 2) Which

More

Molecular Diagnostics

Molecular Diagnostics Andreas Prokesch, Dipl.-Ing. Dr.techn. 1 Molecular diagnostics in medicine Palliative treatment Molecular diagnostics Preventive medicine (=> Personalized medicine) Curative therapy

More

RNA and Expression RNA

RNA and Expression Biochemistry RNA 1) Transcription. 2) RNA types 3) RNA functions 4) RNA processing 5) RNA and protein expression / regulation 1 RNA types in E. coli comparison RNA-DNA sequence 2 The transcription bubble

More

DNS model order no. 2015801

DNS model order no. 2015801 1. Product presentation Aim of the product This model should visualize the DNA molecule: it should show the double spiral, nitrogen bases with hydrogen bonds, sugar-phosphate skeletons

More

Final report of project group 583

Final report of the project group 58 VATRAM VAriant Tolerant ReAd Mapper Benjamin Kramer, Jens Quedenfeld Sven Schrinner, Marcel Bargull Kada Benadjemia, Jan Stricker David Losch. March 5 Supervisor: Sven

More

DNA versus RNA. RNA instability

DNA versus RNA DNA represents the actual store of genetic information, while RNA acts as an information carrier and catalytically in protein biosynthesis. Why does DNA and not RNA serve as the

More

Local Structures (Examples)

Local structures Local Structures (Examples) cruciform from: NAR 1995 23 11, 1977-1983 H-DNA may play a role in eukaryote transcription (only weak evidence) Functions of local structures (example) Structure

More

Repetition Classic genetics

Repetition Classical genetics Mendelian rules Uniformity rule Split rule Free combinability Coupling of genes Polygenes: several genes for one trait Pleiotropy: 1 gene controls several traits

More

Heterocycles & natural products - DNA, RNA

35 Heterocycles & Natural Products - DNA, RNA Heterocycles have at least one ring that contains another element besides carbon. The group of heterocycles includes organic bases that

More

5. Endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus

5. Endoplasmic Reticulum and Golgi Apparatus Institute for Medical Physics and Biophysics Ramona Wesselmann Endoplasmic Reticulum Extensive membrane system endoplasmic in the cytoplasm reticulum

More

Living things and their cells part 2

Living beings and their cells Part 2 Linus Metzler L imenet L inus M etzler W attstrasse 3 9 3 0 6 Freidorf 0 7 1 4 5 5 1 9 1 5 0 7 9 5 2 8 1 7 4 2 1 3. 1 2. 2 0 0 9 2 living things

More

Anatomy and pathophysiology

Anatomy and pathophysiology Cell structure and genetic control mechanisms 2 Contents Morphology and function of the cell ... 3 Cell membrane and cytoplasm ... 4 Surface enlargement of the cell membrane ...

More

From the Daniels Genetics Compendium series

From the series Daniels Genetik-Kompendium Created by Daniel Röthgens Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Components of nucleic acids 3. DNA / structure and genetic specificity 1 1. Introduction The question about

More

Mammalian Cloning by Nuclear Transfer

Cloning of Mammals by Cell Nuclear Transfer Genetic Engineering and Genomics WiSe 2007/2008 Kristian M. Müller Institute for Biology III Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg Can differentiated cells unite

More

1. Question type A Which statement about introns and exons is f a 1 sc h? A. Exons contain protein coding sequences. B. Mature mrna contains exon and intron segments. C. Intron sequences are found in the nucleus

More

THE CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS MODEL

THE CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS MODEL C. elegans The name Caenorhabditis elegans comes from a mixture of Greek and Latin words. Caeno (Greek kaeno): new, unusual Rhabdos (Greek):

More

1. PCR polymerase chain reaction

entechnical processes 1. PCR polymerase chain reaction The PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is a method to duplicate the DNA without a living organism, e.g. Escherichia coli