Why is Liberia called Liberia

 






Meaning / origin of the flag

The current flag of Liberia was introduced on July 26th, 1847. It shows eleven stripes in red and white, and in the blue upper corner a white five-pointed star. It is initially modeled on the flag of the USA, and is intended to document the political dependence of the republic on the United States and the American legacy of the founders.

At the very beginning of the colonization of Liberia by released black slaves from the USA, the flag of the USA was used in Liberia, the country was considered a colony of the USA. In 1827 the stars were removed from the flag and replaced with a white cross. Probably one wanted to avoid the current modifications of the flag by newly admitted US states. In 1845 there was an incident at sea with a British ship who did not know the flag. Therefore it was decided to proclaim independence and adopt a flag that is more easily distinguishable from the USA. The number of stripes was reduced to eleven, and a white star was placed in the top corner. This is how the flag got its current appearance. It was introduced on July 26th, 1847 on Independence Day.

The white star on a blue background is the so-called "freedom star". He is supposed to point out that Liberia is "a bright light in the dark continent" and that at the time of its founding the state of Liberia is said to have been the only independent state in Africa. The eleven stripes represent the eleven signatories of the Declaration of Independence. Several attempts have been made to adapt the appearance of the flag to "African conditions", but so far without success.

The presidential flag is dark blue with the coat of arms in the middle. There is a white star in each corner of the flag.

Quelle / Source: Flags and coats of arms of the world, The world of flags, Flags coat of arms hymns




coat of arms



Coat of arms of Liberia,
Quelle / Source: Corel Draw 4




Meaning / origin of the coat of arms

The coat of arms was introduced on July 16, 1847. It shows a golden bordered sign with a coastal landscape, a rising sun, a sailing ship, a white dove with a message and in the foreground a plow and a shovel on a palm tree. The shield is supposed to describe the history of the origin of the republic. The dove with the written message symbolizes the message of peace and goodwill from the country to the peoples of the world. In the white tape above the sign the motto of the country in black letters: "The Love of Liberty brought us here" → "The love of Liberty brought us here". In the white tape below the shield, also in black, the name of the country.

Quelle / Source: flags coat of arms hymns




Maps


Quelle / Source: CIA World Factbook


Quelle / Source: CIA World Factbook




facts and figures

Area: 111,369 km²

Population: 4,092,000 (2014), thereof 4.7% Ameriko-Liberians, Kpelle 20.3%, Bassa 13.4%, Grebo 10%, Gio 8%, Mano 7.9%, Kru 6%, Lorma 5.1%, Kissi 4.8% , Gola 4.4%, Krahn 4%, Vai 4%, Mandingo 3.2%, Gbandi 3%, Mende 1.3%, Sapo 1.3%, 0.3% Lebanese

Population density: 37 inhabitants / km²

Capital: Monrovia, 1.010.000 Ew. (2008)

Official language: English

other languages: Kpelle, Mande, Kru languages

Currencies: 1 Liberian dollar (Lib $) = 100 cents, 1 US dollar (USD, $) = 100 cents

Time zone: CET - 1 hour

Quelle / Source: Wikipedia (D), CIA World Factbook



history

1487 · the Portuguese navigator Bartolomëu Diaz discovered today's coast of Liberia, later known as the Pepper Coast, but European colonization did not take place

1816 · Founding of the "American Colonization Society" for the purpose of settling black slaves released in the USA in Africa

1822 · first free blacks settle on the Pepper Coast

July 26th, 1822 · The state of Liberia is founded in the area of ​​today's Monrovia

1834 · Founding of the Black Republic of Maryland at Cape Palmas

July 26th, 1847 · Liberia becomes an independent republic, but remains dependent on the USA for at least 100 years and for a time even on Great Britain

1848–1856 · Liberia begins to subdue the Pepper Coast tribes and extends inland as well

1857 · The Black Republic of Maryland is annexed to Liberia

1862 · Formal recognition of Liberia's independence by the USA

1871 · Liberia is forced to lease its customs revenue to Great Britain until 1911 for economic reasons

1878 · The True Whig Party, the party of the American-Liberian ruling class, comes to power and remains in office until 1980

1885 · Liberia defines its current borders with its neighbors

1906 · Great Britain lends money again to Liberia, but questions its independence

1911 · the ailing state finances are internationalized

1914 · Uprising of the African inhabitants against the American-Liberian ruling class

1930 · Uprising of the African inhabitants against the American-Liberian ruling class

1942 · The USA occupies Liberia in World War II and establishes a military base, Liberia has to take an active part in the war in the following years

1945 · Suffrage for men of the African population

1980 · Military coup of the African residents under Sergeant Samuel Doe, Doe becomes the new president

1986 · new constitution

1989 · The rebel movement of the Americo-Liberians the National Patriotic Front (NPF) under Charles Taylor begins the resistance against Doe

1990 · Doe assassination by American-Liberian Johnson militias, a split from the NPF, ongoing civil war

1997 · Ultimatum to disarm the civil war parties, parliamentary and presidential elections, Charles Taylor becomes president

1998 · Coup attempt against Taylor

1999 · Fights with anti-Taylor militias

2003 · Fights and riots against Charles Taylor, he leaves the country



Origin of the country name

The name "Liberia" comes from the Latin word "Libertas" or the English word "Liberty", both of which mean "freedom". "Liberia" means "land of freedom". It is an allusion to the founding myth of this state, the settlement of freed black slaves on their native continent Africa.