Who is the Greek god of sex

Greek & Roman gods

A list of the main gods of ancient Greece and their respective Roman counterparts. In addition to the Olympic (main) gods, numerous other well-known deities are briefly introduced - including their origins, symbols, etc.

Greek & Roman gods and their properties

GreekRomanfunctionparentsK.Attributes
ZeusJupiterHeaven and weather god, head of the Olympian godsKronos & RheaC.Lightning, thunderbolt, oak, eagle
HeraJunoGoddess of marriage and childbirth, sister & consort of Zeus, supreme goddessKronos & RheaC.Diadem; Scepter, branch; peacock
DemeterCeresGoddess of fertility, agriculture and grainKronos & RheaC.Ears of grain; Cornucopia with fruits
HestiaVestaGoddess of Home Peace, Hearth & Fire; State goddess of RomeKronos & RheaC.Stove, pillow, stole
PoseidonNeptuneGod of the sea, earthquakes, horsesKronos & RheaC.Trident; wild look, dolphin
AresMarsGod of war, bloodbath and massacreZeus & HeraC.Armed (sword, etc.), armor
HephaestusVulcanusGod of fire, blacksmith of the godsZeus & HeraC.Fire, blacksmithing, weapons, hammer
AphroditeVenusGoddess of love, beauty and sensualityZeus & Dione
(or: foam-born)
C.Pigeon, apple (of Paris); mirror
AthenaMinervaGoddess of wisdom, the arts, crafts, strategy and war Zeus & MetisC.Helmet, lance, shield, olive tree, owl
ApolloApolloGod of light, prophecy, the arts, the healing arts, spring, as well as moral purity and moderation Zeus & LetoC.Bow and arrow; Quiver; Lyre (kithara); Laurel ivy tendrils
ArtemisDianaGoddess of the hunt, of the moon and of childbirth,Zeus & LetoC.Bow and arrow, deer
HermesMercuryGod of the market and trade as well as of thieves, patron saint of science and invention. Messenger of the godsZeus & MaiaC.Wing shoes; Rod
HadesPlutoGod of the underworld; God of the deadKronos & RheaOThrone, crown, dog, skull
LiftJuventasGoddess of youthZeus & HeraOPitcher (nectar)
Eileithyia-Goddess of birthZeus & HeraO
PersephoneProserpineGoddess of the dead, underworld and fertilityZeus & DemeterO
DionysusBacchusGod of wine, vegetation and ecstasyZeus & SemeleOIvy & vines; Bacchus stick (Thyrsus)
Heracles-Demigod (also Hercules)Zeus & AlkmeneOLion skin, club, bow
AsclepiusAesculapiusGod of healing.Apollon & KoronisS.Staff, snake, laurel
EirenePaxGoddess of peace and moral order.Zeus & ThemisS.Olive branch, cornucopia, scepter
HecateHecataGoddess of crossroads, hunting, magic, spooksPerses & AsteriaS.Torch, dagger, key
NikeVictoriaGoddess of victoryPallas & StyxS.Scepter, laurel wreath
PanFaunusShepherd god; God of the forest & natureZeus & Callisto S.flute
TycheFortunaGoddess of luck and fateHermes & AphroditeS.Cornucopia, rudder, wheel of fortune
GaiaTellus, TerraGoddess and mother of the earthchaosU
NyxNoxGoddess of the nightchaosURavens
ErosCupid / CupidGod of lovechaosUbow and arrow
EosAuroraGoddess of the dawnHyperion & TheiaTCarriage with two horses
KronosSaturnGod of agriculture; Leader of the titansUranos & GaiaTScythe, sickle
RheaOpsGoddess of the earth & fertility, mother of gods & titanUranos & GaiaTAthens, Rhodes, Thebes
Themis-Goddess of justice, order, philosophyUranos & Gaia T
Atlas-Titan supporting the vault of heavenIapetos & AsiaTGlobe, pronounced shoulders
Prometheus-Bringer of fire, creator of man made of clay?Iapetus & ClymeneTEagles, fire, fetters
UranusUranusGod of the sky and the elementsFirst son of Gaia who was born without copulation.V.
ThanatosMors / LetumGod of DeathErebos & NyxV.
AitheretherGod of the sky above (seat of light).Eberos & NyxV.
GerasSenectusGod of (old) old ageEberos & NyxV.
HypnosSomnusGod of sleepErebos & Nyx V.Opium poppies (flowers), wreath of hair
MomosQuerellaGod of blame and criticismSon of the NyxV.Quirk
ErisDiscordiaGoddess of discord and strife; threw the apple of contention (Erisapfel)Daughter of the NyxV.Apple of discord (apple of contention)
Nemesis-Goddess of vengeance, of undeserved happinessDaughter of the NyxV.Hourglass, sword
OizysMiseriaGoddess of misery and lamentation.Daughter of the NyxV.
PhilotesAmicitiaGoddess of friendshipDaughter of the NyxV.
SeleneLunaGoddess of the moon and magicHyperion & TheiaV.Chariot with two horses, torch, (half) moon
HeliosSolSun godHyperion & TheiaV.Carriage with 4 horses, winged, halo
Enyo BellonaGoddess of warAres? &?S.Demons, helmet, sword, spear
-floraGoddess of spring and flowers-S.blossoms
-JanusGod of the beginning and the end, of the entrances and exits-S.Janus head (symbol of ambivalence)
Priapus-Fertility godDionysus & AphroditeS.phallus

Categories (K.)

The origin of the individual gods is sometimes difficult to determine because the Greek sources (Hesiod (between 750 - 650 BC) and Homer (between 820 - 720 BC)) and the Roman (Cicero (106 - 43 B.C.) and Hyginus (60 B.C. - 4 AD)) contradict each other and occasionally provide alternative information about the family trees of the theogony.

C = Consentes

The Dei consentes or Dii consentes were a group of 12 gods (6 female & 6 male) who were particularly venerated by the Romans. They are in position 1-12 in the table above.

O = Olympic

The Greeks also knew these 12 gods, but expanded the population of Olympus to 18 Olympians: the 5 siblings of Zeus and 10 of his divine children. In addition, there were 2 children of Zeus by mortal women who were later accepted into Olympus.

U = original

According to the Greek creation story, 5 deities emerged from the “chaos”. Three are featured in the list. The two deities Erebos (the god of darkness in the underworld) and Tartaros (the underworld, place and person at the same time) were not so important.

V = pre-Olympic

The two original female deities, Gaia and Nyx, gave birth (with or without men) to a vast number of pre-Olympic deities. In particular, Gaia and her son Uranus, who was born without copulation, turned out to be very fertile: Erinyes, Cyclops, giants and the titans (= T) are their children.

T = titans

The two titans Kronos and Rhea fathered the god father Zeus as well as 5 siblings: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades and Poseidon. In order to take over power, Kronos had emasculated his own father with a sickle and thus made himself ruler. According to tradition (Hesiod), the goddess Aphrodite arose from the seed of the severed genitals, which fell into the sea. According to Homer, however, Aphrodite is the daughter of Zeus and Dione.

Zeus also declared the fight to dethrone him to his father Kronos. He and his siblings fought from Mount Olympus against the titans who had holed up on the Othrys.

When the battle has not yet been decided after ten years, Gaia advises him to free the Titan brothers and sisters, the Cyclops and Hekatoncheiren, who have been imprisoned in Tartarus. The titans are then defeated and banished in the Tartaros, the Hekatoncheirs become their guardians.
Gaia advises the gods to make Zeus their ruler. This divides the world into three realms: Zeus himself rules the sky, Poseidon the sea and Hades the underworld.

S = other

Gods who usually descend from the Olympian gods and thus only indirectly from the primordial gods.

importance

Greek mythology concerns the origin of the world, life and activities of deities, heroes and mythological creatures. It was originally used by Minoan and Mycenaean singers from the 18th century BC. Widespread. They later became part of the oral tradition of Homer's epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey, and the Battle for Troy (around 1200 BC).

Over the centuries, the balance of power in the Mediterranean changed. The formerly influential states of Greece, Egypt, Phoenicians and Carthage increasingly lost their influence and the Roman Empire continued to expand.

From the 5th century BC The Romans began to import the gods of the Greeks under the influence of the Etruscans. Both mythologies had a major impact on the culture, art, and literature of Western civilization. Poets and artists from antiquity to the present have been inspired by it.