Why do nipples get sensitive

You can do this when nipples are sore, sore, and inflamed

Nipples are one of the most sensitive parts of the body we have. All the more uncomfortable when they start to hurt or itch and in some cases even become sore or inflamed. This not only affects women who are breastfeeding, but also pregnant women and women who are about to have their next period or are going through menopause. That's how I noticed that between ovulation and my period I kept having tender nipples. Greetings from PMS! The right nipple was even a bit sore and painful.

The skin was flaky on the nipples, it was reddened, and even the T-shirt hurt when it touched the nipple. A bra was out of the question. Reason enough to inquire carefully and find out the causes of painful and sensitive nipples and find out whether there are home remedies that can provide relief and when to see a doctor. We have the gynecologist Univ.Prof. Dr. Herbert Kiss asked for an interview.

Why do nipples itch or hurt sometimes during pregnancy?

"In the course of pregnancy, the breast changes, in particular the nipples are more noticeable due to increased pigmentation. During pregnancy, the sensitivity of the nipples also changes. In particular, certain substances or detergents can cause local sensory disturbances during pregnancy and the changes in the nipple such as itching. The hormonal changes in pregnancy, the rise in HCG and estrogens, are responsible for this. "

If the nipples are sore or sore: what should you generally do? Should you see a doctor immediately? Or are there home remedies?

"During pregnancy, nipples are generally a bit more sensitive and can be painful. Otherwise, it should be clarified whether it is a local fungal infection of the skin, which can occur in rare cases. If the symptoms affect the general feeling, first, first Line of home remedies recommended by midwives. Cotton clothing, no acrylic blends or plastic or synthetic fibers, skin care with wool grease, curd cheese or in extreme cases the use of donuts (special rings that protect the nipples in particular) are recommended. All of the above measures can be further improved by breast pads As already mentioned above, if the local fats and creams in particular (always use perfume-free creams with a higher fat content) do not help, a fungal infection must be ruled out. "

"Medical contact is recommended if open wounds on the nipples do not close."

If your nipples are too painful or tender while you are breastfeeding, what should you do?

"During breastfeeding, the strain on the nipple can repeatedly lead to pain. Especially at the beginning of the puerperium, when women start breastfeeding, injuries and wounds can occur after the application. Medical contact is recommended if Open wounds on the nipples (rhagades) do not close despite the various treatments listed below and the symptoms do not improve. "

First of all, the following measures must be taken with appropriate breastfeeding advice from a trained midwife:

  • Correction of investment techniques and breastfeeding positions
  • After breastfeeding, treat the nipple with local breast milk or various creams and ointments. Possibly the use of donuts, in extreme cases use nipple shields until the wounds have healed.
  • In addition, acupuncture or soft laser surgery can cause the nipple to heal.
  • In any case, a fungal infection should be excluded when breastfeeding if painful nipples do not heal.

Are there any tricks that can help keep nipples less painful while breastfeeding?

"In summary, during pregnancy, the breast is looked after by a lactation advisor / midwife, especially in the puerperium. The doctor should be contacted if there is a suspicion of an infection, which is usually a fungal infection of the skin or the Nipple. This can often go hand in hand with a child's mouth fungus. In this case, medicinal fungal therapy is actually always necessary. Infections can be diagnosed by the fact that all care measures do not lead to any improvement or rather to a worsening.

"The first anti-inflammatory and anti-infectious measure is to put pots on it,"

If there are repeated bloody spots on the nipple and atrium, there is a risk of breast infection during breastfeeding. In the case of bloody injuries that have not healed for a long time, a doctor must be contacted quickly. The first anti-inflammatory and anti-infectious measure is the application of pots, if there is further redness and pain, a breast inflammation must be excluded during breastfeeding, which may have to be treated with antibiotics. Breast inflammation (mastitis) that is beginning during breastfeeding is not a reason to stop breastfeeding; such antibiotics can also be given today where breastfeeding is still possible. On the contrary, you shouldn't stop breastfeeding immediately, even if the inflammation starts. "

What are the possible (general) causes of painful nipples or nipple infections? Are there home remedies that can be used for sore nipples?

"I can also arrange a short interview with the midwife in charge of the obstetrics department. For further questions and details, I recommend a lactation consultant who is certified like the one mentioned above There are creams from various companies, as well as lavender oil, wool fat, care with breast milk after breastfeeding and various compresses. "

Some women report sore nipples just before their period or a week after ovulation. Is that normal or should something be done?

"In the second phase of the cycle, the hormonal influence of the second half of the cycle can lead to breast tenderness, especially premenstrual / before the period. As part of these symptoms, painful nipples can also occur. This can be relieved if women take one pill precisely just as menstrual pain and other cycle problems can be improved by taking a pill. Only when the level of suffering is very great can one apply hormone ointments locally or also treat them systematically with hormones (tablets). Inflammatory causes for such pain are rare. "

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