Wolves are predators

Knowledge pool
Habitats - Large forest dwellers

  • (Source: SWR - screenshot from the broadcast)
  • (Source: SWR - screenshot from the broadcast)
  • (Source: SWR - screenshot from the broadcast)

Predators (Carnivora) are a systematic group (order) within mammals. Carnivor means carnivorous. Although non-mammals also eat carnivoras, only a very limited number of mammals with certain characteristics (see below) belong to the Carnivora family. There are:

● Felines (e.g. domestic and wild cats, lynx)
● Canine species (including dog, wolf and fox)
● hyenas
● Marten (including badger, pine marten, stone marten = "car marten")
● small bears (e.g. raccoons)
● bears (e.g. brown bear)
● Seals

Characteristic of the Carnivora is the bit with strong canine teeth to hold the prey. In addition, the 4th premolar in the upper jaw and the 1st molar in the lower jaw are designed as fangs. With the fangs, the bit acts like a pair of crushing scissors. It can be used to crush strong bones. Originally, the complete set of teeth has 44 teeth and the formula - 3 1 4 3 - (top, bottom, right and left) = 44 This can, however, be greatly modified or regressed in the individual groups.

In the rural meat eaters, strong legs lift the body far from the ground and enable rapid locomotion. The foot is gradually straightened up in the course of evolution: sole walker -> half sole walker -> toe walker. This enables the prey to be tracked quickly. In addition, extremely strong sensory performances are characteristic (visual sense, hearing, smell). Therefore, the brain volume is also relatively large, the surface heavily furrowed. Carnivora are intelligent animals. They can track down prey, hunt and outwit in a fast run or jump.