How do you hold a pencil
Learn to draw step by step • Part 1: Lines and hatching
Welcome to my little course “Learn to draw step by step”. Here I will Basics of drawing and help you to start a new hobby or to solve questions and problems.
In this free basic course you will learn how to use Pencils, Shapes and simple objects.
I have linked you to a detailed guide on pencils for drawing. There you will find all the information you need to get started.
Learn to draw with a pencil
I'll break this lesson down into the topics of strokes and hatches. It is best to work your way through the entire lesson step by step. The best way to do this is to have a good one Drawing pad and the pencils 2H, HB and 2B.
Hold the pencil correctly
You hold the pencil between thumb and index finger.
Your Middle finger stabilizes the pen. Ring and little fingers rest on the sheet and hold their hands over your paper.
It's best to hold the pen around 3 to 4 centimeter behind the top.
This way you can learn to draw in a relaxed manner, without your hand cramping.
We're also trying to get out of the wrist or from the poor to draw. The fingers remain relatively stiff and hardly move. You can only draw very fine details with your fingers.
That probably needs something in the beginning Getting used to, but if you draw for a long time you will thank me. The right movements will help you avoid pain while drawing.
Fine lines with the pencil
The basis for learning to draw is that controlled Handling the pencil.
First we learn our material know. Only when we know paper and pens do we develop a feeling for it.
So at the start we try to do so fine lines draw as possible.
We also try to keep the lines as possible parallel to keep each other. Everything else does not matter for the time being.
Broad lines with the pencil
Now that we've drawn fine lines, let's move on to the next lesson.
To learn to draw you also need wider strokes. That's why we put our hand flatter on the sheet.
This allows a wider part of the pencil lead to rest on the sheet. Through the flat angle there are broad lines.
Depending on the paper, the lines we draw will be different.
It is therefore advisable to leave a page for this kind of gimmick with every new piece of paper Reservations.
Also, different brands of pencils may produce different results. You can find more information about this in my pencil guide.
To later Shades or Structures To be able to draw, we first learn how to hatch.
The best thing to do is to take yourself right for it much time and at least a full sheet of paper.
We had them in art class at the university HomeworkTo provide 2 Din A3 sheets with clean 2mm hatching. With and without a ruler.
I don't want to ask you to do that now, but I'll put it this way: It can't hurt learning to draw.
You will probably thank me later, even if you hate me for it now.
Over time, your strokes either straighten out because you exercise get, or crooked because your arm tired.
You can do that right away testingwhether you're nice from the poor or from the hand draw. You are guaranteed not to be able to draw such a long and straight line by hand without stopping.
You can use hatching to darken areas of your pictures. The first Hatching is always parallel hatching.
To take another step after that darker to become, you put one second Layer of parallel lines over it.
However, this layer is about 90 ° inclinedso that you draw a kind of picket fence. If you are very precise, the lines are exactly 90 ° from one another, but ours is enough for quick sketches Rhombuses-Grid.
Try here as well as possible equal distances to keep between the strokes. This will make your drawing look cleaner later.
Some structures just don't work if you want to represent them with straight lines.
Irregular structures such as fur or bushes are sometimes not suitable with smooth strokes. Here you can practice with Curling to hatch.
Alternatively, you can also use small Sheets or place crescents next to each other.
Imagine yourself one here Curly hair or a sheep then the exercise doesn't seem so suspicious to you.
Learn to draw step by step: Resumé
These exercises will make your drawing easy improve, or get a feel for pencil and paper first.
In the box below you will find the other parts of this little series. The box is updated from time to time. If you don't want to miss anything, feel free to subscribe to my newsletter.
More articles on the series »Learn to Draw Step by Step«
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