Why are people motivated to do sports?

Motives and Motivation

Motives in sport

  • Motive for movement (sport is fun)
  • Health motive (sports / is healthy)
  • Achievement motive (you want to achieve something through / in sport)
  • Game motif (very similar to the movement motif)
  • Connection motive (social contacts through sport)

Motives in sport are stable personality traits that influence how an athlete behaves in a certain situation. These are long-lasting (stable over time) and personality-specific (individual) value dispositions.

Motivation in sport

Motivation (in sport), on the other hand, describes the striving for goals or desirable target objects based on emotional or neural activation.

A general distinction is made between extrinsic and intrinsic motivation:

Intrinsic motivation

Effort depends on factors that are inherent in the person (e.g. interest) and does not require any external stimulus

Extrinsic motivation

Effort depends on external factors (e.g. reward, compulsion); if these factors disappear, the behavior is no longer shown

Promote motivation

  • Arouse curiosity (possible applications - those exercising with a clear training goal are more motivated)
  • Praise and reward
  • Choose a reasonable level between over- and under-demanding
  • Set achievable interim goals for long-term goals
  • Make appropriate comparisons (only compare comparable items)
  • Offer competitions / challenges according to different patterns
  • Provide offers for different demands
  • Establishing social connections

Promotion of achievement motivation

  • Address the curiosity motive (tasks with relative novelty, complexity and uncertainty)
  • Increase the subjective probability of success ("hope of success")
  • Create incentives for success (but be careful: extrinsically motivated learners do not learn anything as soon as the reward disappears)
  • Minimize fear of failure (fear reduces intellectual performance, promotes escape and avoidance behavior, possibly generates aggressive behavior)
  • Consider the needs of the learner (convey security and recognition)

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