What are some examples of complicated sentences

Complex sentences (compound sentences) - introduction

A complex sentence consists of two or more complete sentences that are linked together.

Logically independent sentences

Logically independent sentences that have a common theme are combined with the connecting words and / or.

This type of sentence connection is called a coordinated (main clause) connection. The connecting words (e.g. and, or) are called coordinating conjunctions.

Example: and
Peter is from England. Maria is from Italy.
Peter is from England and Maria is from Italy.

Logically related sentences

Often there is a logical connection between two sentences. In the following example, the second sentence is a reason for the first sentence and the first sentence is a corollary of the second sentence.

Example: Consequence - reason
He is not coming. He is sick.

The logical connection between two sentences is established by connecting words. For a logical reason-consequence relationship one can e.g. B. the connecting words because, therefore or because to use.

because: He is not coming, because he is sick.
therefore: He is sick, therefore he does not come.
because: He is not coming, because he is sick.

The connected sentences are separated by a comma. The connecting words belong either to the first or to the second sentence. You “mark” this sentence. For some connecting words (e.g. because) you can swap the order of the sentences, with some not (e.g. because, therefore).

Example: because
He is not coming, because he is sick.
Because he is sick, he does not come.

The connecting words determine the position of the verb. According to the position of the verb, two main types of logical sentence connection can be distinguished:

Subordinate clause connection

First, the connection where the verb is in the end position in a sentence. This type of connection is called a subordinate connection. The connecting words are called subordinating conjunctions.

Example: because (subordinate clause connection = verb at the end)
He is not coming, because he sick is.

You can find an overview of subordinating conjunctions here: Overview: subordinating conjunctions

Main clause connection

Adverbial connection

Second, the connection where the verb is in the normal verb position 2 in both clauses. This connection is called an adverbial (main clause) connection.

Example: therefore (main clause connection = verb in position 2)
He is sick, therefore comes not today.

Coordinating connection

The main sentence connection also includes the few connecting words in which the verb is in position 3 in a sentence. This type of sentence connection is also referred to as a coordinating (main sentence) connection.

Example: because (main clause connection = verb in position 3)
He's not coming today because he is ill.

Prepositional expressions

A logical connection of sentences can also be expressed using prepositions. A partial sentence is nominalized and integrated into a sentence as a prepositional expression.

Example: because of
Subordinate clause connection: Because he is illhe's not coming today.
Prepositional expression: Because of his illness he's not coming today.

Prepositional expressions are never separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma.

Grammar exercises too complex sentences

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