Will the US invade Iran in 2020?
The US and Iran - A Decade-long Enmity
August 19, 1953: The Iranian Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh is overthrown with the assistance of the secret services of the USA and Great Britain in order to prevent the nationalization of the country's oil resources. In the years to come, western states supported the absolute ruling Shah Resa Pahlavi.
January 16, 1979: The Islamic Revolution forces the Shah to leave Iran. An Islamic republic is founded under the Shiite leader Ayatollah Khomeini. In November, Iranian students storm the US embassy in Tehran and take 63 embassy employees hostage.
April 4, 1980: The US ends diplomatic relations with Iran. Troops of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein invade southwest Iran in September. The West supported Iraq in the war that lasted until 1988.
January 20, 1981: The 52 remaining US hostages are released from the embassy in Tehran in January.
1987 - 1988: During the war with Iraq, several Iranian attacks on oil tankers lead to skirmishes between Iranian troops and US units. In July 1988, an Iranian passenger plane was shot down by a US warship. All 290 people on board are killed. The US states that the plane was mistakenly mistaken for a military machine.
January 29, 2002: In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, US President George W. Bush called Iran, Iraq and North Korea the "axis of evil" in January. In December, while preparations for the US invasion of Iraq were still in progress, the government in Washington suspected that Iran could develop nuclear weapons.
January 2006: Iran announces the resumption of uranium enrichment for its nuclear program. The US feared that the leadership in Tehran was planning to develop atomic bombs. According to media reports, Bush is considering the use of "tactical" nuclear weapons against Iran in the event of war. In May, Iran threatens to terminate the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
August 2013: The new Iranian President Hassan Rohani wants an end to economic sanctions and responds to demands from the international community to drastically reduce the nuclear program.
July 14, 2015: The nuclear deal with Tehran is concluded in Vienna. Iran must now drastically limit its nuclear program. In return, the economic sanctions will be lifted. The agreement is being celebrated in Iran.
2016 - 2018: The new US President Donald Trump makes it clear again and again that he wants to terminate the agreement. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) regularly confirms that Iran is complying with the terms of the agreement.
May 8, 2018: Trump unilaterally terminates the international nuclear deal with Iran - despite vehement protests also from the European Union. He threatens countries that continue to import oil from Iran with drastic sanctions.
July 22nd: In response, Iranian President Hassan Rohani threatens to block the oil export routes in the Persian Gulf. Rouhani insinuates that Trump intends to destroy Iran with his sanctions. He threatens the USA "the mother of all wars". Iran had previously announced that it had started preparations for uranium enrichment.
August 7: The US government reinstates sanctions against Iran. Among other things, funds are frozen and trading in raw materials is prohibited. These punitive measures will be tightened again in November.
September 25, 2018: To save the nuclear treaty with Iran, the EU wants to create an institution through which US sanctions against Tehran can be circumvented. The EU foreign policy representative Mogherini announced. However, the facility will not have any impact.
April 8, 2019: The government in Washington declares the Iranian Revolutionary Guard a terrorist organization. It is the first time that the US has classified a foreign government organization as "terrorist". In response, the leadership in Tehran declares the USA a "state sponsor of terrorism".
June 13: The US blames Iran for two tanker explosions in the Gulf of Oman. As early as May, the United States accused the regime in Tehran of being behind attacks on two Saudi oil tankers. President Trump massively increases the US troop presence in the Gulf region and threatens Iran a few days later via Twitter with annihilation.
June 20: The Iranian Revolutionary Guards shoot down a US drone over the Persian Gulf. The Washington government denies the allegation that the unmanned missile entered Iranian airspace. Trump cancels an already announced retaliatory strike at the last minute.
July 4th: The British Navy arrests an Iranian oil tanker off Gibraltar, allegedly violating EU sanctions. The "Grace 1", which sails under the Panamanian flag, is suspected of delivering Iranian oil to Syria.
July 7th: An ultimatum set by Iran to partially withdraw from the nuclear deal expires. Iran then announced that it no longer wanted to adhere to the limit of 3.67 percent for uranium enrichment set in the treaty.
July 19: The Iranian Revolutionary Guards stop and arrest the British flagged oil tanker "Stena Impero" in the Strait of Hormuz. It is the reaction to the establishment of "Grace 1" by the Gibraltar authorities.
August 18th: Gibraltar releases the confiscated Iranian tanker "Grace 1". The British oil tanker "Stena Impero" will be released on September 23rd.
August 26, 2019: French President Emmanuel Macron tries in vain to broker a US-Iran summit during a G7 summit in France.
November 3: Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei again speaks out against negotiations with the United States. Conversations would bring no improvement, he says.
January 3, 2020: The commander of Iran's Al-Kuds Brigades, Ghassem Soleimani, is killed in a US missile attack near the airport in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad. Iran's spiritual leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, threatens "severe retribution".
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