Did Henry VIII start the Royal Mail
The Windsors - a little family story
Today is the day! All eyes are on Great Britain, because William & Kate say yes to each other! Everyone certainly has enough opportunities to see the wedding. There is hardly a radio or TV station that does not report on the wedding. The wedding can also be viewed live on the Internet (via live stream).
But who are the Windsors? Do you know your way around the Royal Family? Here is a little family story and the main characters of the Windsor family.
The British royal family belongs to England like fish and chips, it is one of the oldest in Europe. And the British have been loyal subjects of the Windsors for centuries. The many scandals in the past have not changed this either. King Henry VIII (1491-1547), for example, was married four times. King Edward VIII abdicated in 1936 out of love for a divorced American woman. And with Queen Elisabeth's father Georg VI. In the same year a stuttering king ascended the throne.
But since 1953 there has been a constant in the Windsor house, Queen Elisabeth. She has been Queen of England and Head of the Commonwealth for almost 60 years - a record. And nothing upsets the strict regent so easily - neither the scandalous divorce of Prince Charles and Lady Di, nor the surprising accident death of the former and allegedly not very popular daughter-in-law.
Queen Elizabeth II
Queen Elisabeth II is the longest serving monarch in Europe. Next year she will celebrate her 60th anniversary on the throne. She was born on April 21, 1926 as Princess Elisabeth of York. Her parents are Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, later known as Queen Mum, and King George VI, whose life story was filmed with Colin Firth in the Oscar-winning film "The King’s Speech". At the time Elizabeth was born, nobody would have thought that she would ever become Queen of England. But when in 1936 her uncle, King Edward VIII, abdicated out of love for the divorced American Wallis Simpson, her father George VI. new ruler over England.
In 1947 Elisabeth married the noblewoman, Prince Philip Mountbatten, Prince of Greece and Denmark, who was also awarded the title Duke of Edinburgh on this occasion. Their first child, Prince Charles, was born just a year later. In 1950 daughter Anne was born. Ten years later, son Andrew, 1960, and son Edward, 1964, are born. In the meantime, after the death of her father on June 2, 1953, Elizabeth was crowned the new Queen of England in Westminster Abbey. Since then she has “ruled” the Windsor family with a strict hand and dutifully follows up on her duties as monarch of Great Britain.
Prince Charles is the eldest son of Queen Elisabeth and Prince Philip. He was born on November 14, 1948 in London. When his mother was crowned queen five years later, he was named heir to the British throne at the same time. Charles studied archeology at Cambridge in the 1960s. After that, like his father, he embarked on a military career with the Royal Air Force and Royal Navy. In 1976 he finished his military service.
At the end of the 1970s, Prince Charles met his first wife, the kindergarten teacher Diana Spencer. Allegedly, the virgin noblewoman was "cheered" on the Crown Prince by the court. Prince Charles had already hooked up with Camilla Shand, later Parker-Bowles, who the rest of the Windsors did not like.
In July 1981, Prince Charles and Diana tied the knot in St. Paul's Cathedral. Only a year later, their first son, Prince William, is born, and three years later, Prince Henry, known as Harry. But the married happiness of the two does not last long. Shortly after Harry was born, the two of them are said to have had a serious crisis.
In August 1996, Charles and Diana divorced. Lady Di died the following year, on August 31, 1997, in a car accident in Paris. Eight years later, on April 9, 2005, Charles married Camilla, who is still not nearly as popular with the English people as Princess Diana, the queen of hearts.
Prince William and Prince Harry
Prince William and Prince Harry - two brothers who couldn't be more different: One sensible and rather stiff, the other rebellious and happy to be on the embarrassing side. The two sons of Prince Charles and Princess Diana are not very similar and yet have one heart and one soul.
Being followed by the press at every turn has been part of Prince William's life for as long as he can remember. To this day he has handled the media interest in his person with confidence. He was born in London on June 21, 1982, the eldest son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana. Relatively carefree, William and his younger brother Harry grow up outside the royal court. When his mother, Lady Di, died in a car accident in 1997, the royal family took more and more influence on his upbringing. After graduating from the elite Eton College in 2000, he took a so-called gap year - worked on a social project in Chile and traveled to Africa.
In 2001 Prince William began studying art history at St Andrews University in Scotland. But after a year he switched to geography. It was there that he met and fell in love with his future wife, the middle-class Kate Middleton. But it wasn't until 2006 that he made the relationship with her public.
After graduation, William begins military training at the Royal Military Academy in Sandhurst. In 2010 he finished his training as a rescue helicopter pilot. Since then he has worked as a co-pilot in Wales, rescuing people in danger.
Prince Harry is up for everyone, likes to have fun in life himself and is known for his excesses of party. He was born on September 15, 1984 in London as Prince Henry Charles Albert David Mountbatten-Windsor. The redhead is pursuing the same school career as his older brother. Like William, he first attended Ludgrove School in Berkshire in 1992 and switched to Eton College six years later. In 2003 he graduated there in art and geography.
After that, Prince Harry also enjoys a gap year in which he travels to Australia, Argentina and Lesotho. There he founded the aid organization Sentebale (translated: “Forget me not”) in memory of his late mother Diana. The organization takes care of children suffering from AIDS. Afterwards he does not go to university like William, but devotes himself to his military career. After completing his pilot training at the Royal Military Academy in Sandhurst, Harry joined the "Blues and Royals" cavalry regiment. Among other things, he has an assignment in southern Afghanistan.
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