Can the human body develop additional body parts
Leaflet on body donation after death
1. What is the body donation needed for?
Body donation is essential for medical training, research into new healing methods and for medical science. The Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology has the task of imparting knowledge about the structure of the human body to future doctors. They are an indispensable prerequisite for any medical treatment. The complicated positional relationships of organs and body parts to one another cannot be adequately captured from books and pictures. Practical work on a dead body in the dissection course is therefore the most important part of anatomical training. In the course, the medical students get to know the body regions and organs by searching for the structures themselves and literally “grasping” them. In addition, regular anatomical surgery courses take place in our institute. In these courses, doctors prepare for surgical and examination techniques that they will later apply to patients. Not only are familiar techniques taught, but new surgical and examination procedures are also developed and tested. In addition, examinations are carried out that serve the research of new healing methods and medical science. For these reasons, the Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology is extremely grateful to those people who are ready to make their bodies available to medical training, further education and research after death.
We assure all body donors that we value absolute anonymity. In addition, we strictly ensure that the bodies made available to us are treated appropriately and with dignity.
2. What is the difference between examinations in anatomy, pathology and forensic medicine?
The examinations that are carried out at the Institute for Anatomy are used exclusively for the training and further education of medical staff and science. On the other hand, the aim of the pathological or forensic institutes is to determine the cause of death of the deceased or to record pathological changes in the body. If the determination of chronic ailments (e.g. dust lung as an occupational disease) or the cause of death is important for insurance or forensic medical reasons, your corpse would have to be taken to a pathological or forensic section.
3.Who can make their body available?
A body donor must have bequeathed his body to the Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology during his lifetime. This requires the donor's unrestricted ability to consent. Registration as a body donor is only possible from the age of 60. There is no upper age limit for body donation, as the basic structure of the body does not change even with advanced age. The body donor must be domiciled in the catchment area (20 km radius) of the Justus Liebig University. Body donors who have their place of residence outside the catchment area can only be registered if the costs for the transfer are borne by the body donor himself (see section 13).
4.How do I register for a body donation?
If you want to make your body available to the Institute of Anatomy after your death, we need a testamentary test from you, for which we can provide you with one on request (0641-9947012 or [email protected]) Can send form. Please fill out the relevant sections of this form by hand and then add your signature and the date to this order. Please have two other witness signatures (including one from your treating family doctor) certify your free and uninfluenced decision. Please send the completed will to
Miss Dr. Christina Nassenstein, PhD
Justus-Liebig university of Giessen
Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology
You will then receive two certified copies from us and a donor ID, which you should always have with you, preferably in your briefcase or handbag. You should give a copy of your disposition to your personal papers; please hand the second copy over to your doctor. Please also inform your relatives and possibly the caregivers who are looking after you of your intention. In addition to the form for the last will, you will also receive an “Appendix 1 to the last will”. The address of a person must be entered here who will send us the death certificate after your death, without whom no later burial can take place. If this address is not given, no body donor ID can be issued. In addition, you can name persons with contact addresses in Appendix 1 whom we should invite to the funeral service and funeral on your behalf. If the named persons change their address, we ask you to inform us of the new address so that we have the current contact details of your surviving dependents in our records after your death.
5. Can an organ donor also be a body donor?
If a potential body donor is also an organ donor, organ donation has priority over body donation. In this case, there is no body donation. However, if an organ donation is not possible, the corpse can be transferred to the Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology.
6. What happens if I change my place of residence?
If your address changes, we ask you to notify us as soon as possible. If you move within the catchment area of our institute, we will issue you a new body donor card and register your new address. When moving to an area outside the catchment area of our institute, a body donation is only possible if you pay for the transfer costs (see section 13). Alternatively, we are happy to forward your will to an anatomical institute at another university that is closer to your new place of residence, provided that they are willing to register you as a body donor.
7. Can the will be revoked?
The will is not a contract, but a declaration of intent that can be canceled by either party at any time without giving reasons. It may also be that we are unable to accept your body donation for the reasons stated in Section 8. Therefore, if the corpse is rejected, please take other precautions in the event of death.
To revoke your testamentary disposition over your body donation, all you need to do is send us an informal written message. We will confirm the revocation and destroy all documents that we have from you. All electronically stored data will be deleted.
8. Which body donation cannot be accepted?
A body donation can only be accepted if it is suitable for anatomical lessons. We cannot accept body donors with highly infectious, reportable diseases (such as tuberculosis, HIV infection or viral hepatitis) or body donors infected with another, similarly serious, communicable disease. Other reasons that can lead to a refusal of a body donation are significant anatomical changes as a result of illness or accidents, recent surgery, suicide, a corpse opened in forensic medicine or pathology, too high a body weight (over 100 kg), or a (late) notification that makes it impossible to transfer the body within the first 24 hours after your death. A body donation can also be refused if death occurs in a location that is outside the catchment area of the Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology and the assumption of costs for the transfer from the place of death by the body donor or his relatives is not regulated.
In order to be able to assess whether we can accept your body after you die, it is necessary to inspect the confidential part of the death certificate, in which the cause of the death and any known previous illnesses are documented. We therefore ask you to allow us to inspect the confidential part of the corpse certificate with your signature. This applies to the employees of the funeral home who will carry out the transfer, as well as to the employees of the Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology at the Justus Liebig University in Giessen, who will be entrusted with the preparation of your body. We also ask that this information may be used anonymously for teaching purposes, so that the students are able to relate changed anatomical conditions to any illnesses or previous illnesses.
9.How does my body get to the Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology?
In the event of death, the Institute of Anatomy can be contacted as soon as possible by relatives, the hospital, the retirement home or the family doctor on 0641 / 99-47012 (Dr. C. Nassenstein) or -47060 (M. Golaszynski) or -47062 (T. Stöhr) so that the body can be transferred to the Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology within 24 hours. These telephones can be reached during normal working hours. If the death occurs outside of normal working hours, on a weekend or on a public holiday, please contact the funeral home commissioned by us (Werner Bestattungen OHG, telephone number 0641-34668). The death must be certified by the relatives. An original of the death certificate must be sent to the Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology immediately.
10. How long will my body stay in the Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology?
Due to the necessary conservation of the body's tissues and the time required for the studies, the corpse usually remains in the anatomy for two to three years, deviations are possible if necessary. Only after this period of time can a cremation and the burial of the urn take place. Please inform your relatives explicitly about this often stressful circumstance.
11. What happens to the body after the dissection?
With your will, the Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology will be responsible for the funeral. You can choose between the following options:
a) We arrange the cremation and the urn burial. As a rule, the burial takes place in a specially reserved urn field in the New Cemetery in Gießen. This urn field is provided with a memorial stone on which the students and teachers of medicine at the Justus Liebig University thank the fellow citizens who, through their wills, served medicine after their death. If you wish, your relatives will be informed in good time about the burial date and can attend the ecumenical memorial service and the funeral.
b) You can apply for a Urn burial in its own tomb decide. If you wish to have the urn buried on your own grave, this must be arranged by the relatives. To transfer the urn, we need a certificate from the cemetery administration stating that a grave site is available. Please specify these wishes in your will.
c) If you want to serve the training of young doctors in a special way or for other reasons do not value burial after the two to three years have elapsed, you can send us your body as a Permanent donation provide. It then remains in the anatomy for a long time if necessary and is only cremated many years later and the urn is buried as part of the annual memorial service. This choice enables us to manufacture permanent anatomical specimens that are required for training and further education purposes of the institute. Only in this case please put your signature under the special agreements below on the form of the wills.
12. What are the costs?
If the corpse is taken over to the Institute of Anatomy, we will cover the following costs:
Transfer of the body from the place of death to the institute for body donors within the catchment area of the institute for anatomy; Cremation; Costs for the urn, the urn grave and the burial in the urn field of the New Cemetery in Gießen. In the case of transfers to private graves, we will cover the costs of the transfer to your desired cemetery within Germany.
The following costs will be Not Taken over from the Institute for Anatomy:
Official fees (e.g. for the examination of the corpse and the issuing of the death certificate); Transfers for body donors who die outside the catchment area to the Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology; Transfers carried out by someone other than the undertaker who works with us; temporary storage or refrigeration of the corpse on weekends or on public holidays before transferring it to our institute; the costs for the acquisition and use of one's own grave site, as well as its grave maintenance; Costs for private burial in one's own grave.
We reserve the right to change the financial regulations - depending on the development of funeral costs. We will of course notify you of any changes.
13. I live outside the catchment area of the University of Giessen and still want to become a donor in Giessen, or after moving I am no longer living in the catchment area and would like to continue to be registered as a body donor in Giessen. What to pay attention to?
If you live outside the catchment area of the Institute of Anatomy or have moved your new place of residence to this area and no other reasons speak against this, you can register as a body donor if you pay for the transfer costs from the place of death to the Institute of Anatomy. Upon receipt of your will, we will send you an invoice with the body donor card and the certified copies of your will for an amount that currently covers the costs of the transfer from your place of residence to the Institute of Anatomy. The agreed amount must be transferred to the Justus Liebig University account stated on the invoice within one month. After we have received your payment, we will send you a payment confirmation that will put your will into effect.
If your legacy is revoked, the invoice amount can be repaid without surcharge (interest, etc.). If your corpse cannot be accepted, the repayment can be made without surcharge to a relative named by you. If the named person cannot be located on the basis of your information and should contact us within three months of your death, the amount will go to the Institute of Anatomy as a research grant.
14. Will the body donation be remunerated?
The body donation is not reimbursed. Selling the body (or organs) during lifetime or receiving financial compensation is not possible for ethical, moral, legal or organizational reasons.
15. Can I make a financial contribution that will benefit the body donation?
In order to keep the decoration of our burial ground in full, we are dependent on donations and would be very grateful for a donation. We have set up a grave maintenance account for such donations. We request transfers to the Justus Liebig University Gießen account at the Landesbank Hessen-Thüringen, BIC: HELADEFFXXX, IBAN: DE93 500 500 0000 0100 6543, keyword donation for PKST 62880082. We can issue a donation receipt for this donation on request to let.
16. What happens to my data?
The Justus Liebig University processes your personal data as part of your registration as a body donor. The legal basis is Article 6 Paragraph 1 a of the European General Data Protection Regulation in connection with your consent.
Your data can be communicated to those employees of the Justus Liebig University or other public administration bodies who need them to fulfill their public law tasks. Your name, address and date of birth will be passed on to the funeral parlor, which is commissioned for the transfer in order to be able to determine the identity of the donor, which is done by comparing the information on the body donor ID issued by us with, for example, an identity card .
Your data will be saved as long as this is necessary to fulfill the stated purposes.
You are entitled at any time to request information about your data and to correct incorrect data or to have their processing restricted (Art. 15, 16 and 18 of the European General Data Protection Regulation). If you consider the data processing to be unlawful, you can lodge a complaint with the Hessian data protection officer (Art. 77 of the European General Data Protection Regulation, § 55 of the Hessian Data Protection and Freedom of Information Act). In addition, you are entitled to revoke your consent to the data processing and to request the deletion of your data, whereby the data processing that has taken place up to that point remains lawful (Art. 7 Para. 3 and Art. 17. EU GDPR). You can also request to have your data transmitted in portable form or to have it transmitted to another person responsible (Art. 20 EU GDPR).
The Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Ludwigstrasse 23, 35390 Giessen, represented by its President, is responsible for data processing. Data protection officers are:
Axel P. Globuschütz
Dr. Robert Pfeffer
17. Who can I contact if I have questions about body donation?
The primary contact person is the head of the prosecution, Dr. med. Christina Nassenstein, PhD, Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology, Justus Liebig University, Aulweg 123, 35392 Gießen, Tel. 0641 / 99-47012, email: [email protected]
You can find the leaflet for download here ...
As of 12/2018
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