What is worth visiting in Moscow

Moscow

Moscow - the dazzling capital of Russia with classic and modern

Moscow is not only the capital, but also the most populous and famous city in the Russian Federation. Moscow is the largest city on the European continent and with over 12 million inhabitants is the political, economic, cultural and scientific center of Russia and all of Eastern Europe. Moscow is located in central Russia and is named after the Moskva River, which flows through the city. The city is considered a dazzling and powerful metropolis and has numerous sights and sites of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. In Moscow you can find over 300 churches in the city area at the same time as some of the tallest European buildings, such as the striking Seven Sisters and the Ostankino Tower. Moscow impresses with its unique architecture, it combines classic architectural styles and modern elements, with the historical buildings such as St. Basil's Cathedral with its colorful domes being world-famous.

Moscow Kremlin - headquarters of Russian government and power

The Moscow Kremlin with its building complex forms the historical foundation stone, the former center of the Russian capital. Today's Kremlin in the heart of the metropolis emerged from a castle built in the Middle Ages. If you stand at the Kremlin you look south across the Moskva River to St. Basil's Cathedral, in the east you can see the Red Square and if you look west you can see the Alexander Garden. The world-famous building ensemble comprises a total of five palaces, four cathedrals and some administration buildings and is characteristically enclosed in a triangular shape by the Kremlin wall with the 20 Kremlin towers. The Kremlin was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1990 and is one of the capital's main tourist attractions. In the armory museum there are many thousands of exhibits from the former jewelers and armourers, in nine halls of the palace there are many shimmering and remarkable treasures such as the robes of the empresses, gifts and pieces of furniture from the Russian tsars. In the same building there is also the famous diamond collection with an impressive tsar's crown and the blue-green diamond from the tsar's scepter. The Dormition Cathedral is the oldest church in Moscow and stands in the center, on the highest point of the Moscow Kremlin and is definitely worth a visit.

    Christ the Savior Cathedral - imposing place of worship with an eventful history

    Moscow's Cathedral of Christ the Savior is one of the most impressive and controversial buildings in the city. The cathedral, like many other churches in Moscow, was planned after a battle had been won, in this case the victory over Napoléon Bonaparte. The planning and the construction time of 44 years were extraordinarily lengthy, after the final choice of location and a change of architect, the cathedral was inaugurated in 1883. As early as 1931, however, the cathedral was demolished on the orders of the Stalin government to give way to the palace of the Soviets, these plans came to nothing with the Second World War and so only the foundations of the palace were completed. In the 1960s, it was decided to build the largest existing outdoor swimming pool on these foundations, but this pool was closed again in the 1990s and it was decided to completely rebuild the actual Cathedral of Christ the Savior. In 2000 the newly built cathedral was inaugurated and so today it is the largest Orthodox church building in the world and offers space for 10,000 guests. With its golden domes and the 103 m high tower, the cathedral shapes the cityscape of Moscow. The main services on Russian holidays are held here. The interior of the church is 80 meters high and just as imposing as the main altar, which measures 30 meters. On the walls there are imaginative and elaborately designed paintings with figures from the Old and New Testament as well as holy Orthodox. In total, over 20,000 square meters of the interior walls and vaults are painted and 9,000 square meters of them are gilded. The two viewing platforms on the roof of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior offer a breathtaking view of Moscow and the Kremlin.

      The Moscow Metro - the most impressive subway in the world

      The Moscow metro opened in 1935 and has apparently hardly changed since that time. The subway stations look like huge, shimmering buildings hidden in the capital. There are colorful paintings and pictures, impressive mosaics and countless ornaments in the stops. Numerous precious and semi-precious stones and various, especially colorful, natural stones were used. In the many stations, the Moscow Metro tells of the history of the Soviet Union, you can find images of Russian battles and victories, evidence of the October Revolution and paintings and ornaments that symbolize the reunification with Ukraine. At each stop there are new colorful and splendid artistic discoveries to be made. Mayakovskaya station was honored as early as 1938 at the World Exhibition in New York and, in contrast to other stations, rather shows the progress and the future of the country, depicted in many picture cycles, which mainly show the people of the country. The Komsomolskaya station is particularly worth seeing, equipped with countless and large-scale reliefs in the vaults, showing huge images of historical events such as fights and their successes.

        New Maiden Convent and a Russian Celebrity Cemetery

        The New Maiden Monastery is one of the oldest and most interesting monastery complexes in Russia. The Neujungfrauenkloster has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2004 and was built in the 16th century and expanded and expanded into the 17th century. It also served as a fortress due to its strategic location on the banks of the Moskva River. The buildings of the New Maiden Convent were mainly built in the style of the so-called Moscow Baroque. The square monastery complex is entered through an imposing three-arched gate, the ensemble is surrounded by meter-thick and meter-high sandstone walls, along which there are a total of 12 towers. The palaces, churches and cathedrals of the New Maiden Monastery consist mainly of red brick facades with white decorations and the magnificent golden domes, very characteristic features of the Moscow Baroque. In today's museum of the monastery there is a considerable collection, among other things, of Russian icons, precious gems and historical books and documents. Right next to the monastery is the well-known Novodevichy Cemetery, where the most popular and honorable Russian personalities find their final resting place. During a walk along the grounds you will pass many graves of well-known people. Here, for example, the writers Nikolai Gogol, Anton Chekhov and Mikhail Bulgakov, the poet Maiakovskii and Stalin's wife or Raissa Gorbachev, the wife of the former President of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev, and Boris Yeltsin, the first Russian president, rest.

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