What are the natural enemies of marmots?

Groundhog wanted poster

The marmot (Marmota) belongs to the squirrel family. Where do marmots appear? Distribution / Occurrence: You can observe them in Europe, Asia and North America. The Alpine marmot has its habitat in the Alps at an altitude between 800 m and 2600 m. We saw the marmot in the Swiss Alps. The Swiss call the marmot Munggen. There are around 14 subspecies worldwide. What does the marmot look like? About the appearance, recognition and identification of the marmot, I show some pictures that we took in the habitat. If you are only looking for size, age, weight, gestation period, mating season, the subspecies or the number of young, then look in the profile for children.

Appearance of the marmot

Appearance of the marmot - males and females look alike

Groundhog males and females look alike. The difference is in size and weight. The male marmot is larger and heavier than the female. Marmots are well camouflaged in the area thanks to their good coat markings.

Appearance of marmot males and females

Way of life of the marmots

Marmots live in groups on and underground together. The holes in the ground are connected with a tunnel. The tunnel system can be over 100 m long. Marmots are diurnal and hibernate. Together with the young, they hibernate from October to March. When everyone has gone underground to hibernate, the last one closes the entrance with grass so that no cold can get in.

Way of life - parents with young animals observe conspecifics

Groundhog habitat

Where do marmots live? The habitat of the marmot in Europe is in the Alps and in the High Tatras on alpine meadows above the tree line. Their habitat in the Alps is at an altitude between 800 m and 2600 m. What does the habitat look like? About the appearance of the habitat, I'll show you some pictures that I took in the Alps.

Marmot habitat - Alps

Mating season - gestation period - rearing the young

When is the mating season? The mating season begins after hibernation. Usually in April to early June depending on occurrence and weather conditions (snow melt). The gestation period lasts about 30 days. Marmots give birth to 2-4 young. The young marmots are born naked and blind. After three weeks they can see and after about six weeks they leave their burrow for the first time. Once the young have left the cave, they will also eat themselves. The boys leave the family unit after 2-4 years.

Appearance of the young marmot

Behavior of the marmots

The social behavior of marmots is very pronounced. When marmots meet, they greet each other by rubbing their nose to nose. You live in a family group. When they eat together on the alpine pasture, someone is always careful so that there is no surprise attack from the golden eagle, for example. If an eagle approaches, a loud whistle warns and everyone disappears into their den. Marmots live together in family groups, so 20 animals can come together.

Behavior - marmots greet each other - rub nose to nose

Groundhog food

What do marmots eat? The diet consists of grass, seeds, herbs, berries and occasionally insects.

A marmot is watching and a marmot is eating

Groundhog enemies

Enemy No. 1 is humans. He destroys their habitat. Natural enemies include parasites, diseases, birds of prey, ravens, foxes, wolves and owls.

Golden eagle enemy of the marmot

Groundhog wanted poster for children

Appearance: See pictures
Name: marmot
Scientific name: Marmota
Class: Mammals
Order: rodents
Family: croissants
Occurrence: Europe, Asia, North America
Habitat: steppes, alpine meadows
Place of residence: cave
Size: 40-65 cm
Length: 40-65 cm
Weight: 3kg - 7kg depending on the occurrence
Color: Varies brown, gray-brown
Sexual maturity: 2 years
Mating season: April-June
Wear time: about 30 days
Number of boys: 2-4 boys
Enemies: diseases (parasites), dog, fox, wolf, ravens, birds of prey, owls
Diet: herbivores, grass, seeds, herbs, berries
Age: life expectancy 15-20 years
Special feature: Hear well, see well, dig caves well
Hibernation: yes
Subspecies: approx. 14
Difference / distinguish: size and coat color
Further profiles about animals can be found at: Animal profiles - dog cat mouse

Pictures of my marmot observations

Behavior - marmots greet each other

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Observations, photographs, bird pictures and author: Gerhard Brodowski Hamburg