What are Greek pillars made of

The Greeks loved columns

Every Greek column initially has a foot, which is also known as a Base designated. The actual column now sits on the foot, and that too Column shaft called. And on top of it is the capital that completes the column. All three types of pillars consist of these three parts, but they look different depending on the region in which or at what time they were created. We will introduce you to three types of columns again in detail:

The Doric column

The oldest type of column is that Doric column. These are found primarily on the Greek mainland. Doric columns are sturdy and slender, do not need a foot and have a simple capital. The Doric column is often referred to as male due to its strong column shape.

The ionic column

The second type of column is more elegant. The Ionic column is also the younger column shape. This style was particularly popular in the colonies in eastern Asia Minor. The column shaft stands on a base and ends in a capital that is rolled in a spiral shape. These snail-shaped decorations are also called volutes. The Ionic column is taller and slimmer than the Doric one.

The Corinthian column

The Corinthian column is even more richly decorated than the Ionic column. The capital is covered with acanthus leaf patterns. What is that again now? This is a species of thistle that occurs in the Mediterranean region. This type of column is the youngest of the Greek columns and was not used as often by the Greeks as the other two. But the Romans valued them very much. And later this type of column was popular, even the Capitol in Washington (in the United States), which was built in the 18th century, has Corinthian capitals.

The architectural style of antiquity was also popularly imitated in later times. This type of building is also called classicism.