How risky is traveling on the water
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The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.
Before unnecessary, tourist trips to Bangladesh will be currently warned.
Bangladesh is affected by COVID-19. Bangladesh is classified as a risk area. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides current and detailed figures.
Travelers require a visa and a negative PCR test, which must not be older than 72 hours, to enter the country. The issuance of “Visa on Arrival” is generally suspended; there are exceptions for business travelers and investors. After entry, all travelers have to go to institutional quarantine or a quarantine hotel for 14 days. Citizens of Bangladesh and foreigners who have been in the country for more than 14 days are required to pass a negative PCR test, which must not be older than 72 hours, to leave the country. The test must be done in a laboratory approved by the government.
International air traffic has resumed.
Restrictions in the country
There is a night curfew and a nationwide "lockdown" until May 23, 2021. National public transport has been discontinued. Some public institutions are still in emergency operation during the period mentioned; Shops, shopping malls, banks and mosques are partially open during the “lockdown” with reduced opening times.
Basically, it is mandatory to wear mouth and nose protection in public. Mouth and nose protection is also mandatory in shops, supermarkets, shopping malls and markets.
- Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the instructions from local authorities. Fines can be imposed for violations of the hygiene regulations.
- When you return to Germany, note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, proof and, if necessary, quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the relevant company or your tour operator, and if you are entering from a risk area, contact the health department of your residence or travel agency Place of residence. Further information is available in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.
At the beginning of July 2016, Islamist-motivated terrorists carried out a hostage-taking attack on a restaurant popular with foreigners in Dhaka, which killed 24 people and permanently changed the security situation in the country.
The risk of terrorist attacks, especially against foreigners or in places that they prefer to visit, persists. Islamist organizations continue to call for attacks in Bangladesh. There are repeated raids by the special police forces.
- Be particularly vigilant across the country, especially in places popular with foreigners and on special occasions such as after Friday prayers.
- Limit your movements in public spaces to what is necessary.
- Keep yourself informed about the security situation in the country.
- Avoid large crowds.
- Avoid restaurants and hotels that do not have adequate security precautions (e.g. security guards, emergency exits).
- Try to vary your movements, especially in rural areas, and not to stick to fixed movement patterns.
- Please note the worldwide safety information.
Political rallies, strikes and demonstrations can occur nationwide and lead to violent clashes and traffic delays. Most recently, large protests against France in Dhaka led to unrest at the beginning of October 2020.
Demonstrations and armed attacks can occur throughout the Chittagong Hill Tracts area, particularly in Rangamati, Khagrachari and Bandarban districts. Travel in the region is only possible with the prior approval of the authorities.
- Find out about the local media.
- Avoid demonstrations and large crowds in large areas.
- Follow the instructions of local security guards.
The crime rate is high. Petty crime such as pickpocketing and handbag robbery occurs especially in large cities in places that are very frequented by tourists, sometimes with the use of force. The use of public transport carries an increased risk of theft and robbery.
Beggars and hawkers at major intersections pose a risk. Especially when they appear in groups, attempts are made to steal objects from the car through open car windows or unlocked doors.
In the Cox’s Bazar district, and especially in the area around Teknaf, there have been repeated criminal attacks in the past, some with the use of weapons.
- Even in residential areas preferred by foreigners, refrain from walking and using rickshaws and three-wheeled motorized taxis (CNG) after dark.
- Keep your money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe.
- Prefer cashless payments and only take the cash you need for the day and no unnecessary valuables.
- Be particularly vigilant in large crowds, especially on public transport, and watch out for your valuables.
- In the Cox’s Bazar district, and especially in the Teknaf area, be particularly careful and avoid crowds there.
- Keep vehicle windows and doors locked and locked in city traffic.
- Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, offers and requests for help from alleged acquaintances. Do not disclose any data about yourself; if necessary, make sure yourself personally or contact the police.
Nature and climate disasters
Bangladesh is in a seismically active zone, so earthquakes can occur.
There is a subtropical monsoon climate. The dry season runs from November to March.
In the monsoon season from mid-June to mid-October, floods must be expected, in the southern third of the country from October to November and mid-April to mid-May, generally with tropical cyclones.
Air pollution is particularly high in the winter months from November to February.
Infrastructure / traffic
Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.
There is a domestic flight network, mostly outdated rail connections, taxis and rental cars. In the cities, rickshaws and CNGs (gas-powered motorized rickshaws) are popular and inexpensive means of transportation.
In the storm-prone season (October / November and April / May), the use of the ship and ferry connections is particularly dangerous, especially in the southern and central part of the country, due to the high risk of accidents, technical defects in the ships and sudden storms.
Traveling to the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) is associated with high administrative hurdles. You must be notified in advance by writing to the Deputy Commissioner and the Superintendent of Police of the respective district, stating the exact passport details and the purpose of the trip / itinerary. A sufficient number of copies of both letters and the original passport should be carried with you when entering the CHT area because of the identity checks.
There is left-hand traffic. Even during the day, traffic is dangerous due to the poor condition of roads and vehicles and the risky driving behavior of buses and trucks. Due to the lack of doctors and emergency vehicles, help cannot be expected quickly in the event of an accident.
- Always drive carefully and defensively.
- Avoid driving overland after dark.
- Avoid using ship and ferry connections in the storm-prone seasons if possible.
The international driving license is required and is only valid in conjunction with the national German driving license.
Special rules of conduct / Ramadan
Bangladesh has a tolerant Islamic tradition. However, clothing and behavior should be adapted to national customs.
During the fasting month of Ramadan, restrictions in everyday life (e.g. during the day restaurants outside the hotels being closed, reduced working hours at the authorities) and increased sensitivity in religious matters and in questions of respecting Islamic traditions can be expected.
Eating, drinking, smoking in public, including in vehicles, - even chewing gum - is prohibited from sunrise to sunset, even for non-Muslims under penalty of punishment.
Women should wear long-sleeved clothing that is as discreet as possible, especially during this time, while men should avoid wearing short casual clothing.
Same-sex relationships are illegal.
The minimum sentence for drug possession is two years in prison, from 25 grams of heroin / cocaine or two kilograms of marijuana possession the death penalty is imposed. Particular reference should be made to the 1974 Special Authorization Act, which is still in force, according to which the death penalty can be imposed for smuggling of any kind.
Photographing military installations, airports, buildings of public institutions, ministries and authorities as well as members of the security forces and the police is prohibited and severely punished, there is a risk of imprisonment and other criminal consequences.
Money / credit cards
The national currency is the taka (BDT). Credit cards are mainly accepted by hotels from the upper class, withdrawing cash with credit and bank cards is only possible at a few appropriately marked ATMs in large cities. It is therefore advisable to take US dollars or euros with you in cash, which can be exchanged without any problems.
Entry and customs
Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.
Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without the Foreign Office being informed beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information that goes beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.
Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:
- Passport: Yes
- Temporary passport: Yes
- Identity card: No
- Provisional identity card: No
- Children's passport: Yes
Comments / minimum remaining validity:
Travel documents must be valid for at least six months at the time of entry.
German nationals require a visa to enter Bangladesh, which can be applied for either at the relevant Bangladeshi embassy or for short stays on arrival ("on arrival"). The issuing of “Visa on Arrival” is currently suspended due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
When entering Bangladesh by air, a so-called Route Changes Permission from the Department of Passports and Immigration in Dhaka (in the Agargaon district, Toltola Sher-E-Bangla Nagor) is required for a later exit by land (and vice versa).
Visa before entry
The visa before entry for the purpose of tourism, business, work and long-term stays must be applied for in good time at the embassy of Bangladesh in Berlin.
Visa on entry ("on arrival")
The issuing of “Visa on Arrival” is currently suspended due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
For a short stay of a maximum of 30 days for tourist or business purposes, German citizens can usually obtain a visa on arrival at Dhaka international airport. For this purpose, a return flight ticket must be available, for private travelers an invitation from a Bangladeshi national or a foreigner resident in Bangladesh, and for business travelers an invitation from the business partner. The fee for this visa is currently US $ 51.
There are no known special regulations for the entry of minors.
Collection of biometric data
Upon entry, the facial biometrics and fingerprints of all travelers are recorded electronically.
Foreign currencies can currently be imported without declaration up to an amount of 5,000 US dollars or the equivalent.
The import of flammable liquids or chemicals, weapons and ammunition of any kind (knives, handguns, etc.) is only permitted with prior import authorization from the Bangladeshi Ministry of the Interior.
The import of alcohol is not permitted (not even for private use). The exception to this is two bottles of alcoholic beverages for non-Muslims. Two cartons of cigarettes can be imported duty-free.
The importation and possession of drugs are strictly prohibited.
If you have to import special medication for private use, you should have an informal certificate of necessity with you, issued by a doctor in English, in order to avoid excessive customs checks.
The import and possession of pornographic articles of any kind (pictures, magazines, digital media, etc.) are strictly prohibited.
The import of food (including pork) for private use is permitted.
The import of gold, silver and other precious stones / jewelry is notifiable and customs duty, a maximum of 10 kg may be imported. Violations of these provisions are punishable by criminal law, including comparatively high prison sentences.
To import dogs and cats, they must have a microchip and be vaccinated against rabies for at least 30 days and a maximum of one year prior to entry. In addition, two originals of a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection from the Directorate General of Drug Administration must be presented.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.
In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.
- As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.
No compulsory vaccinations are required for direct entry from Germany. When entering from a yellow fever area or transit at an airport in a yellow fever area, all persons over the age of one must have a yellow fever vaccination. Bangladesh itself is not a yellow fever infection area.
- Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the vaccination calendar of the Robert Koch Institute up to date.
- Vaccinations against hepatitis A and typhoid fever are recommended as travel vaccinations, and in the case of long-term stays or special exposure also against hepatitis B, rabies and Japanese encephalitisd (JE).
- Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
- The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups.
Zika virus infection
The predominantly diurnal AedesMosquito-borne infection with Zika viruses can lead to malformations in children during pregnancy and neurological complications in adults.
Dengue viruses are nationwide by diurnal Aedes- Mosquitoes transmitted. The disease is usually accompanied by fever, skin rash and pronounced pain in the limbs. In the monsoon months, dengue fever is sometimes very high. In rare cases, especially in children, serious complications, including possible death, occur. Overall, however, complications for travelers are rare. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy against dengue fever, see information sheet on dengue fever.
- To avoid dengue fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.
Chikungunya viruses are diurnal Aedes- Mosquitoes transmitted. The disease is characterized by a high fever and possibly prolonged joint and muscle pain. The symptoms can often not be clearly distinguished from other mosquito-borne diseases. Chikungunya fever does not always heal without consequences; long-term rheumatoid-like symptoms rarely occur. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy, see leaflet Chikungunya fever.
- To avoid Chikungunya fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.
Malaria is caused by crepuscular and nocturnal anopheles- Mosquitoes transmitted. If left untreated, the dangerous malaria tropica, in particular, is often fatal in non-immune Europeans. The disease can break out weeks to months after your stay in the risk area, see Malaria leaflet.
- If you develop a fever during or even months after a corresponding trip, see your doctor as soon as possible and inform him about your stay in a malaria area.
From May to November there is a high risk of malaria in the southeast of the country, especially in the eastern half of the province of Chittagong Hill Tracts, and a low risk of malaria from December to April. There is a low risk of malaria all year round in the southeastern areas bordering the Chittagong Hill Tracts province and in the north of the country on the border with India. In the rest of the country the risk is minimal. Dhaka City is considered malaria-free, see Standing Committee on Travel Medicine (StAR) of the DTG.
To avoid malaria, protect yourself consistently against insect bites as part of exposure prophylaxis. You should pay particular attention to the following points:
- Wear light-colored clothing that covers the body (long trousers, long shirts).
- Repeatedly apply insect repellent to all exposed parts of the body, during the day (dengue) as well as in the evening and at night (malaria).
- If necessary, sleep under an impregnated mosquito net.
Depending on the travel profile, in addition to the necessary exposure prophylaxis, chemoprophylaxis (taking tablets) is also useful. Various prescription drugs (e.g. atovaquone proguanil, doxycycline, mefloquine) are available on the German market for this purpose.
- Discuss the choice of medication and its personal adjustment as well as side effects or intolerance to other medication with a tropical medicine or travel medicine specialist before taking it.
- It is recommended that you bring sufficient supplies with you.
HIV / AIDS
HIV / AIDS is a problem in Bangladesh, even if there is no reliable information about the spread of the disease in Bangladesh. There is generally a high risk of HIV transmission through sexual contact, drug use (unclean syringes or cannulas) and blood transfusions.
- Always use condoms, especially on casual acquaintances.
The risk of diarrhea is very high nationwide. Diarrheal illnesses are common travel illnesses, see information sheet on diarrheal illnesses. However, most diarrheal diseases can be avoided through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene. Therefore, to protect your health, please observe the following basic information:
- Only drink water of safe origin, never tap water. A previously opened bottle can be identified more easily by purchasing carbonated bottled water.
- If possible, use drinking water to wash dishes and brush your teeth when you are out and about.
- If bottled water is not available, use filtered, disinfected, or boiled water.
- Cook or peel food yourself.
- Make sure you keep flies away from your food.
- Wash your hands with soap as often as possible, but always before preparing and eating.
- If possible, disinfect your hands with liquid disinfectant.
Rabies is a deadly infectious disease caused by viruses that are transmitted with the saliva of infected animals or humans. Nationwide there is a high risk of bite injuries from stray dogs and monkeys, see the rabies leaflet.
- Avoid contact with animals.
- Get advice and vaccination about rabies vaccination. The vaccination series should definitely be completed before departure.
- Even if you have been vaccinated, seek medical advice immediately after contact with a potentially infected animal or human (bite, licking of injured skin areas or droplets of saliva on the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and eyes).
Avian influenza ("bird flu")
Since 2007 there have been outbreaks of avian influenza ("bird flu") in Bangladesh. People can become infected primarily through close, direct contact with poultry, see the Avian Influenza leaflet.
- Avoid visiting animal and poultry markets, cook poultry meat and eggs adequately, and wash your hands thoroughly after preparing poultry.
- Please also note the information published by the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection.
Urban air pollution has increased significantly in recent years. Chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma or COPD can worsen significantly as a result.
Medical care in the country cannot be compared with Europe and is often problematic in terms of technology, equipment and / or hygiene.
- Take out travel health and repatriation insurance for the duration of your stay abroad. The German Liaison Office for Health Insurance - Abroad provides detailed information.
- Take your individual first-aid kit with you and protect it against high temperatures when you are out and about, see the first-aid kit leaflet.
- Before you go on a trip, seek personal advice from tropical medicine advice centers, tropical doctors or travel doctors and adjust your vaccination protection, even if you have already experienced the tropics from other regions. Corresponding doctors can be found e.g. B. via the DTG.
In addition to the general disclaimer, please note:
- All information is intended for the information of medically trained. They are not a substitute for the consultation of a doctor.
- The recommendations are tailored to direct entry from Germany to a travel destination, especially for longer stays on site. For shorter trips, entries from third countries and trips to other areas of the country, deviations may apply.
- All information is always dependent on the individual circumstances of the traveler and may require medical advice.
- Despite the best possible efforts, the medical information is always only an offer of advice. They cannot cover all medical aspects, eliminate all doubts or always be completely up-to-date. You stay responsible for your healthy.
Country information about your travel destination
Here you will find the addresses of the responsible diplomatic missions and information on politics and bilateral relations with Germany.
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