Who gave the Pope his power?


The Council of Constance faced three essential problems for which solutions had to be found and which required unanimous decisions and actions. The most important of these was: the struggle for faith and against heresy, the so-called causa fidei. The condemnation of the teachings of John Wyclif and the burning of Jan Hus demonstratively, if not finally, resolved it. The so-called heresy could still be kept in check by the pyre. The second item on the program, the reorganization of the Church, the causa reformationis, however, remained unsolved and led to the religious struggles of the next century. Only in the causa unionis, the third of the problems to be solved, a breakthrough came when the council agreed on a new pope in 1417 after all three predecessors (John XXIII, Benedict XIII and Gregory XII) had renounced. The new Pope from the powerful Roman family of Colonna, who had been the leader of the baronal party for decades, took on the name Martin V. . He was crowned Pope on the upper M├╝nsterplatz in Constance on a tribune erected for this purpose in the open air. The leading representatives of the European powers succeeded in ending the crippling schism: three popes and their envoys, 29 cardinals, over 300 bishops, envoys of princes and kings, countless theologians, scholars and humanists took part in this major event also marked a turning point in cultural terms.