How many mg ml is alcohol

Alcohol: Is It Risky To Use It?

Brief overview

  • Maximum daily dose: Women a maximum of 12 grams of pure alcohol per day (e.g. 125 ml wine), men a maximum of 24 grams (e.g. 250 ml wine), at least two non-alcoholic days per week
  • How much alcohol can I tolerate? Tolerance is influenced by height, weight, gender, age, state of health, medication intake, genetic factors, habituation
  • Driving ability: Officially up to 0.5 per mille, but even below this concentration and reactivity can be impaired. Better just with zero alcohol at the wheel!
  • Alcoholics - from when? The risk of alcoholism increases with higher consumption, but does not depend on any specific amount. Addiction criteria are strong desire, loss of control, habituation effect, withdrawal symptoms, neglect of tasks, relationships and interests, continued drinking despite negative consequences

How Much Alcohol is OK?

Most adults in Germany drink alcohol. But how much alcohol is still acceptable in order not to overload the body and psyche?

Experts have defined the so-called low-risk consumption (low-risk threshold dose) for alcohol. The World Health Organization WHO recommends for alcohol consumption:

  • Women should drink a maximum of 12 grams of pure alcohol per day.
  • For men, the recommended daily limit is 24 grams of pure alcohol.
  • You should avoid alcohol altogether for at least two days a week.

However, low-risk does not mean harmless: there is no such thing as completely risk-free consumption. The vascular protective effect of small amounts, e.g. red wine, is outweighed by the harmful effect. The healthiest strategy is not to drink at all.

Eight rules for low-risk consumption

The German Office for Addiction Issues has compiled the following eight rules on consumption:

  • Avoid alcohol consumption as much as possible, but at least limit it to the maximum recommended amount
  • Avoid binge drinking - here the risk of damage to health is particularly high
  • Consider additional risk factors! Other risk factors such as lack of exercise, obesity and smoking put a strain on the body in addition to alcohol
  • No alcohol when taking certain medications! E.g. paracetamol, isoniacid and methotrexate as well as other critical drugs
  • No alcohol for children and adolescents! Alcohol damages their brain development and is particularly risky for them in many ways.
  • No alcohol during pregnancy and breastfeeding! Even the smallest amounts could harm the child!
  • No alcohol in the workplace, at the Drive and at the Condition of machines

Calculate the amount of alcohol

In order to be able to adjust your alcohol consumption accordingly, you have to know how many grams of pure alcohol are in the various alcoholic beverages.

You can calculate this value relatively easily. All you need to do is know the amount you drink in milliliters (ml) and the alcohol content in percent by volume (% by volume). Added to this is the specific gravity of alcohol, which is 0.8 grams per cubic centimeter (g / cm3).

The formula for calculating the pure alcohol content is:

Amount in ml x (vol.% / 100) x 0.8 = grams of pure alcohol

An example: You are drinking a bottle of beer (330 ml) with 4.8% alcohol by volume. This means: You are consuming 330 x (4.8 / 100) x 0.8 = 12.7 grams of pure alcohol.

How much alcohol is in my drink?

A schnapps = a beer = a cocktail? The literature often speaks of a standard glass or a drink. In Germany this means alcoholic beverages that contain 10 to 12 grams of pure alcohol.

Here is an overview of the alcohol content of various drinks:

  • Wine (approx. 10%, 1 glass of 125 ml): 10 g
  • Beer (approx. 4.8%, 1 bottle of 330 ml): 12.7 g
  • Alcohol-free beer (max. 0.5%, 1 glass of 200 ml): max. 0.8 g
  • Mixed beer drink (2.5%, 1 bottle of 330 ml): 6.6 g
  • Sparkling wine (approx. 11%), 1 glass of 125 ml): 11 g
  • Fruit liqueur (approx. 30%, 1 glass of 20 ml): 4.8 g
  • Schnapps (approx. 40%, 1 glass of 40 ml): 12.8 g

How much alcohol can I tolerate?

How much alcohol is harmful? That is a question that cannot be answered across the board. How much alcohol a person can tolerate depends on various factors.

height and weight: The bigger and heavier a person is, the more blood flows through his body. Accordingly, the alcohol consumed is distributed over a larger amount. The alcohol content is then lower.

Body fat: Adipose tissue has less blood supply than the organs, for example. Correspondingly less blood circulates proportionally in a body rich in fat, to which the alcohol can spread. The alcohol level is correspondingly higher and more harmful. With the same weight and higher fat content, alcohol is therefore less well tolerated.

gender: Women tolerate less alcohol than men - even if they are the same weight and height. The reason is the higher natural body fat percentage of women. Men also have large amounts of alcohol-degrading enzymes in their liver.

Genetic predisposition: The main decisive factor for alcohol tolerance is how quickly the body breaks down the alcohol again. And that's genetic.

Age: The amount of fluid in the body decreases with age. So the same amount of alcohol increases the alcohol concentration in the blood of older people more. In addition, their liver no longer works as fast as it did when they were young. The alcohol is broken down more slowly.

Stomach contents: What you ate before you consumed alcohol also plays a role. Rich and especially fatty foods delay the absorption of alcohol into the blood. The blood alcohol level rises more slowly - the alcohol is then better tolerated. That is why a drink goes to your head particularly quickly on an empty stomach.

health status: Illnesses, such as liver disease, but also the use of certain medications can impair the metabolism of alcohol - for example because the liver works more slowly or is burdened with the breakdown of active pharmaceutical ingredients.

Getting used to: The body gets used to the poisonous alcohol over a longer period of time if it is consumed more heavily. Those who drink will then experience fewer symptoms. In the case of heavy drinkers, a system also becomes active that breaks down alcohol independently of the liver: the microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system (MEOS).

Those who can take a lot are particularly at risk!

So contracting and contracting are two different things. Just because someone is used to alcohol and has fewer symptoms of intoxication and hangover does not mean that their body is coping well with the cytotoxin. On the contrary: people who apparently can take a lot often drink significantly more. The risk is then even higher that their organs will be permanently damaged. And they're also more at risk of becoming addicted to alcohol.

What can I drink if I still have to drive?

In Germany, a blood alcohol concentration of 0.5 per mille is the limit for fitness to drive. This can be calculated with the so-called Widmark formula: It takes into account that the body fluid makes up around 68 percent of the weight of men and around 55 percent of women.

Drunk alcohol in grams divided by body weight times 0.55 (women) or 0.68 (men).

A man weighing 80 kg has a blood alcohol level of 0.44 after 0.5 liters of beer. For a woman weighing 60 kg, it is already 0.72 per mille. The body then breaks down between 0.1 and a maximum of 0.2 per thousand per hour.

However, the formula is only an approximate value! For example, people with a higher body fat percentage have higher blood alcohol levels. Older age, illnesses or medication can also affect blood alcohol.

In addition, the alcohol limit can be set too low, especially for inexperienced drinkers: alcohol has a stronger effect on them and their ability to react decreases faster!

The best thing to do is to get behind the wheel with only zero alcohol levels!

When do you become an alcoholic?

Alcohol addiction cannot be linked to a certain amount of consumption. Some regularly drink a lot without being addicted: Others consume significantly less, but are already deeply addicted.

How alcohol destroys the body

  • Harmful cell poison

    The glass of wine with dinner, the Prosecco in between and a digestive schnapps in the evening - that is normal for many people. What most of the people forget: Alcohol is a dangerous cell poison which, above certain quantities, can cause great damage. Read here how alcohol destroys the body!
  • How much alcohol is allowed?

    Nobody can refuse a glass of honor? And if it sticks to the one glass, isn't that a problem at all? In fact, the amount of alcohol recommended by experts that an adult can safely drink per day is very low: For men, a maximum of half a liter of beer or a quarter of a liter of wine (around 20 grams of alcohol), for women only half a liter. And: You should completely avoid alcohol on at least two days a week!
  • Careful, Cancer!

    Alcohol increases the risk of various types of cancer. It doesn't matter whether you only drink beer and wine or especially high-proof. The mouth, throat, larynx, esophagus, the female breast, intestines, liver and lungs are particularly affected by tumors. Particularly worrying: Even small amounts of alcohol, such as the occasional glass of wine, increase the risk of cancer, according to experts. If you want to be on the safe side, you have to do without it completely.
  • Because of red wine for the heart!

    Red wine protects the heart? Better drink grape juice! Because according to studies, alcohol is not responsible for the positive effect. Rather, there are certain substances that occur in red grapes. Organizations like the American Heart Association even warn against drinking alcohol because of its possible heart benefits. In fact, regular alcohol consumption can promote high blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmias and heart muscle inflammation.
  • Obstructed digestion

    Anyone who has ever drunk over their thirst knows the unpleasant effects of alcohol on the stomach and intestines. The body wants to get rid of the cell toxin as quickly as possible and reacts with nausea and vomiting. Those who drink regularly not only risk an inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Alcohol prevents vital vitamins and minerals from being absorbed through the intestines. This can lead to deficiency symptoms.
  • Easy game for germs

    A cold is approaching? Then you better avoid the after-work beer or the supposedly strengthening tea with rum. Because alcohol paralyzes the immune system by inhibiting certain immune cells. This makes it easier for bacteria and viruses to enter the body and cause infections. Incidentally, this applies not only to cold viruses, but also to the pathogens of other diseases.
  • Impotent men

    Alcohol makes men impotent! That is the bitter truth. Because wine, beer and schnapps lower the testosterone level in the blood. A full erection is then often no longer possible - even if the Lord feels a strong sexual desire. Incidentally, this is not only the case with acute intoxication. Even those who drink too much over the long term are detrimental to their masculinity: According to the Federal Center for Health Education, one in ten alcoholics is impotent.
  • Broken liver

    The liver is an important detoxification organ and is the only one that breaks down alcohol. Too much beer, schnapps and other alcohol destroy the liver cells. They store fat for this (fatty liver). If you don't stop drinking now, the liver can become infected (hepatitis). There is a risk of liver failure and, in the case of chronic inflammation, so-called cirrhosis. The liver tissue becomes scarred and has no function. Often only a transplant will help.
  • Aching gland

    As is well known, a Pilsner fits between the liver and the spleen. In fact, this is where the pancreas is located. It supports the digestion of fat, protein and sugar in the small intestine. It also keeps blood sugar levels in check. High alcohol consumption can lead to inflammation of the organ. If these become chronic, not only the quality of life is drastically reduced. Life expectancy is also falling, not least because of the increased risk of pancreatic cancer.
  • Wrinkles, warts and ulcers

    Lifelong drinking is not only harmful inside, but also outside. Because alcohol is a real beauty robber! The skin ages faster and you get wrinkles and spots early on. Due to the weakened immune system, warts and herpes have an easy time. In the worst case, purulent ulcers, pimples or the famous bulbous schnapps nose develop. Caution is also advised with existing skin diseases: These can be made worse by alcohol consumption.
  • Shrinking brain

    Alcohol destroys nerve cells. In fact, this can cause the brain to shrink: the ability to concentrate and memory performance dwindle, sometimes leading to dementia. Speech disorders or insecurity occur when walking. The nerves outside the brain and spinal cord also suffer from too much alcohol. Those affected then often get severe pain, uncomfortable tingling or muscle cramps in the legs.

Signs of addiction

There are six criteria for a dependency:

  1. strong desire or some kind of compulsion to consume alcohol
  2. decreased ability to control the beginning, end and amount of alcohol consumption
  3. physical withdrawal symptoms when abstaining from alcohol
  4. Tolerance development - you have to drink more and more to get the same effect
  5. progressive neglect of tasks and interests in order to drink and recover from high
  6. Alcohol continues to be consumed even though there are already harmful physical, emotional, or social consequences.

Each of these signs is a clear warning sign. If someone fulfills three of them, they are considered to be alcoholic.

One thing is certain: the more and the more regularly you drink, the more likely it is that you become dependent. And: Even if there are people who regularly consume a lot of alcohol and are still not dependent - it is hugely damaging to their health.

Risky consumption even without addiction

Because long before the addiction begins the risky and later also the harmful consumption. Alcohol becomes a cane: You don't drink for pleasure, but to relieve stress, frustration and fears. And you drink to a degree that harms your body and soul and leads to conflicts with the environment.

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