How can I become a king


The king is certainly not a strong piece in chess, but it is the most important one. Whoever loses his king (more precisely: is checkmated) has lost the game. The top priority in chess is therefore the protection of your own king.

Table of Contents


The white king starts on the chessboard on the e1 square. The black king starts exactly opposite, on the e8 square.

Attention: With the position of the king it must be noted that the white king always starts on a dark square - the black king on a light square. If the e1-field is light, the board is set up the wrong way round and must be turned until it is a dark field.

The two kings must always stand opposite - i.e. face to face.

In his starting position, the white king is surrounded by a queen on d1, a bishop on f1 and three pawns in front of him on d2, e2 and f2.




The king can only go exactly one square in all directions. He cannot jump over other figures.

The king is not a particularly posable figure. He may only move one space per turn - but in any direction. He's allowed to Notjump over other characters!

So at the beginning of the game he has no way of moving because he is surrounded on all sides by his own figures.

Another limitation is dragging onto an attacked square. The king may Notmove to a square, which can be achieved by an opposing piece on the next move, otherwise it would be in check. So the king is not allowed to drag himself into check.




While attacking other pieces in chess, you offer the king “chess”. The king is in check if he could be captured by the opposing piece on the next move.

A chess command got toalways be fended off. There are three different ways to do this:

  • The king moves out of chess.
  • The chess is blocked by another piece (for example a pawn). Attention: A knight chess cannot be blocked.
  • The piece bidding chess is captured.


As soon as the king cannot fend off the check command by one of the three moves mentioned above, he is checkmated. This means that, on the one hand, he is in check and, on the other hand, he no longer has a legal move. This means that the player whose king has been checkmated has lost the game.

Shown in the picture: The king is threatened by the rook on g1, so he is in check. At the same time the tower blocks the entire 2nd row of the board on h2. The king has no way out and is checkmate.


Another special case is the so-called “stalemate”. A stalemate always arises when the player does not have a regular move but the king does Notis in check. Often this happens in the endgame when almost all the other pieces have already been captured.

Shown in the picture: The king is standing Notin chess, but cannot move away from a1 because of the queen on b3. Hence, it is a stalemate. This means that the game ends as a "draw" in a draw.


The king still has one last trick in store. Castling is a double move, which rook and king execute together (only once). The goal is to bring the king to safety and at the same time bring the rook into play.

Castling can be carried out if ...

  • The king (and corresponding rook) still Notwas moved
  • The king before and after castling Notis in check
  • The king by castling Not draws through a chess
  • Between rook and king no another figure stands

Castling takes place as follows from White's point of view: First, the king moves two squares to the left (large castling) or to the right (small castling). The rook is then placed on the right (large castling) or left (small castling) next to the king in the same move. Castling is now complete.


questions and answers

Can you beat the king in chess?

No. The king may not be captured - he is only mated. If a king is in check and does not defend it in a move, it is an impossible move. This must be withdrawn and the chess defended.

In rapid chess, an impossible move can be claimed by the opponent and a victory can be claimed.

How much is the king worth? (Exchange value)

The king is not assigned an exchange value because he cannot be beaten.

How can the king strike?

The king captures like any other piece (except the pawn) as part of his movement. So he can capture any piece that is right next to him. Attention: He may not "beat" himself into chess.